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Nizza Paris Navigation menu VideoOGC NICE - PARIS SAINT-GERMAIN(0 - 3 ) - Résumé - (OGC NICE - PARIS SG) / 2020-2021
Diese Nizza Paris umsetzen mГssen, beide sind AufklГrung. - Es gibt 7 Verbindungen von Nizza nach Paris per Flugzeug, Zug, Bus, Mitfahrdienst oder per AutoWie komme ich von Nizza aus zum Nice NCE Flughafen? Fahren Sie von Nizza nach Paris mit den Zügen dieser Anbieter: TGV, OUIGO und SNCF. Bitte beachten Sie, dass diese Züge möglicherweise nicht direkt von Nizza nach Paris fahren, also überprüfen Sie, ob Sie auf der Fahrt umsteigen müssen, wenn Sie nach Tickets suchen.
In the city repulsed the Saracens ; but in and again in the Saracens pillaged and burned it, and for most of the 10th century remained masters of the surrounding country.
During the Middle Ages , Nice participated in the wars and history of Italy. As an ally of Pisa it was the enemy of Genoa , and both the King of France and the Holy Roman Emperor endeavoured to subjugate it; but in spite of this it maintained its municipal liberties.
During the 13th and 14th centuries the city fell more than once into the hands of the Counts of Provence ,  but it regained its independence even though related to Genoa.
The medieval city walls surrounded the Old Town. The landward side was protected by the River Paillon , which was later covered over and is now the tram route towards the Acropolis.
The east side of the town was protected by fortifications on Castle Hill. Another river flowed into the port on the east side of Castle Hill.
Engravings suggest that the port area was also defended by walls. Under Monoprix in Place de Garibaldi are excavated remains of a well-defended city gate on the main road from Turin.
In , the commune placed itself under the protection of the Counts of Savoy. The maritime strength of Nice now rapidly increased until it was able to cope with the Barbary pirates ; the fortifications were largely extended and the roads to the city improved.
During the struggle between Francis I and Charles V great damage was caused by the passage of the armies invading Provence ; pestilence and famine raged in the city for several years.
In , Nice was attacked by the united Franco-Ottoman forces of Francis I and Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha , in the Siege of Nice ; though the inhabitants repulsed the assault which followed the terrible bombardment, they were ultimately compelled to surrender, and Barbarossa was allowed to pillage the city and to carry off 2, captives.
Pestilence appeared again in and In , Nice was briefly taken by the Duke of Guise. By opening the ports of the county to all nations, and proclaiming full freedom of trade , the commerce of the city was given great stimulus, the noble families taking part in its mercantile enterprises.
Captured by Nicolas Catinat in , Nice was restored to Savoy in ; but it was again besieged by the French in , and in the following year its citadel and ramparts were demolished.
The Treaty of Utrecht once more gave the city back to the Duke of Savoy, who was on that same occasion recognised as King of Sicily.
In the peaceful years which followed, the "new town" was built. From until the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle the French and Spaniards were again in possession.
In the king, who in had swapped his sovereignty of Sicily for the Kingdom of Sardinia, destroyed all that remained of the ancient liberties of the commune.
Conquered in by the armies of the First French Republic , the County of Nice continued to be part of France until ; but after that date it reverted to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.
After the Treaty of Turin was signed in between the Sardinian king and Napoleon III , the county was again and definitively ceded to France as a territorial reward for French assistance in the Second Italian War of Independence against Austria , which saw Lombardy united with Piedmont-Sardinia.
The cession was ratified by a regional referendum : over 25, electors out of a total of 30, were in favour of the attachment to France.
Giuseppe Garibaldi , born in Nice, opposed the cession to France, arguing that the ballot was rigged by the French. Many Italians from Nizza then moved to the Ligurian towns of Ventimiglia , Bordighera and Ospedaletti ,  giving rise to a local branch of the movement of the Italian irredentists which considered the re-acquisition of Nice to be one of their nationalist goals.
By the s more bus connections were added in the area. The circuit started along the waterfront just south of the Jardin Albert I, then headed westward along the Promenade des Anglais followed by a hairpin turn at the Hotel Negresco to come back eastward and around the Jardin Albert I before heading again east along the beach on the Quai des Etats-Unis.
As war broke out in September , Nice became a city of refuge for many displaced foreigners, notably Jews fleeing the Nazi progression into Eastern Europe.
From Nice many sought further shelter in the French colonies , Morocco and North and South America. After July and the establishment of the Vichy Regime , antisemitic aggressions accelerated the exodus, starting in July and continuing through On 26 August , Jews of foreign origin were rounded up by the Laval government and interned in the Auvare barracks.
Of these, were deported to Drancy internment camp on 31 August In November German troops moved into most of unoccupied France, but Italian troops moved into a smaller zone including Nice.
A certain ambivalence remained among the population, many of whom were recent immigrants of Italian ancestry. However, the resistance gained momentum after the Italian surrender in when the German army occupied the former Italian zone.
Reprisals intensified between December and July , when many partisans were tortured and executed by the local Gestapo and the French Milice.
Nice was also heavily bombarded by American aircraft in preparation for the Allied landing in Provence dead or wounded and more than people homeless and famine ensued during summer American paratroopers entered the city on 30 August and Nice was finally liberated.
In the second half of the 20th century, Nice enjoyed an economic boom primarily driven by tourism and construction.
Under their leadership, there was extensive urban renewal, including many new constructions. These included the convention centre, theatres, new thoroughfares and expressways.
The arrival of the Pieds-Noirs , refugees from Algeria after independence, also gave the city a boost and somewhat changed the make-up of its population and traditional views.
Later arrested in Uruguay in , he was extradited back to France in , convicted of several counts of corruption and associated crimes and sentenced to imprisonment.
On 16 October , a landslide and an undersea slide caused two tsunamis that hit the western coast of Nice; these events killed between 8 and 23 people.
In February , European leaders met in Nice to negotiate and sign what is now the Treaty of Nice , amending the institutions of the European Union.
A controversial official report stated later that Montgolfier had made unwarranted accusations. On 14 July , a truck was deliberately driven into a crowd of people by Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel on the Promenade des Anglais.
The crowd was watching a fireworks display in celebration of Bastille Day. One of the victims, a woman, was beheaded by the attacker.
The attacker, who was shot by the police, was taken into custody. The Promenade des Anglais "Promenade of the English" is a promenade along the Baie des Anges "Bay of the Angels" , which is a bay of the Mediterranean in Nice.
Before Nice was urbanised, the coastline at Nice was just bordered by a deserted stretch of shingle beach covered with large pebbles.
The first houses were located on higher ground well away from the sea, as wealthy tourists visiting Nice in the 18th century did not come for the beach, but for the gentle winter weather.
In the second half of the 18th century, many wealthy English people took to spending the winter in Nice, enjoying the panorama along the coast. This early aristocratic English colony conceived the building of a promenade with the leadership and financial support of Rev.
Lewis Way. In , the promenade was named La Promenade des Anglais by the French, a name that would stick after the annexation of Nice by France in The Hotel Negresco on the Promenade des Anglais was named after Henri Negresco — who had the palatial hotel constructed in In keeping with the conventions of the time, when the Negresco first opened in its front opened on the side opposite the Mediterranean.
This section of the city is referred to as the "Zone Pietonne", or "Pedestrian Zone". Cars are not allowed with exception to delivery trucks , making this avenue a popular walkway.
Today, it is open to the public and provides a regular program of performances. Russian Orthodox Cathedral, Nice. Before the Paillon River was covered over, the Pont-Neuf was the only practicable way between the old town and the modern one.
The square was thus divided into two parts North and South in The recent rebuilding of the tramline gave the square back to the pedestrians, restoring its status as a real Mediterranean square.
It is lined with palm trees and stone pines, instead of being the rectangular roundabout of sorts it had become over the years. It is used for concerts, and particularly during the summer festivals, the Corso carnavalesque carnival parade in February, the military procession of 14 July Bastille Day or other traditional celebrations and banquets.
The Place Garibaldi also stands out for its architecture and history. It is named after Giuseppe Garibaldi , hero of the Italian unification born in Nice in when Nice was part of the Napoleonic Empire, before reverting to the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.
The square was built at the end of the 18th century and served as the entry gate to the city and end of the road from Turin.
A statue of Garibaldi, who was fiercely in favour of the union of Nice with Italy, stands in the centre of the square.
The recent rebuilding of the area to accommodate the new tramway line gave mostly the entire square to pedestrians. The architecture is in line with the Turin model, which was the norm of urban renewal throughout the entire realm of the House of Savoy.
It is a crossroads between the Vieux Nice old town and the town centre. Place Garibaldi is close to the eastern districts of Nice, Port Lympia Lympia Harbour , and the TNL commercial centre.
Entirely enclosed and pedestrianised, this square is located in the heart of the old town. By day, the place is invaded by the terraces of traditional restaurants and the finest ice-cream makers.
By night, the environment changes radically, with tourists and youths flocking to the square, where music reverberates on the walls of the small square.
The square's lighting at night gives it a magical aspect. In the past, it belonged to the upper classes. It is probably the most traditional square of the town, with its daily flower market.
The Cours Saleya also opens on the Palais des Rois Sardes Palace of the Kings of Sardinia. In the present, the court is mostly a place of entertainment.
As its name indicates, the Place du Palais is where the Palais de la Justice Law courts of Nice is located. On this square, there also is the Palais Rusca , which also belongs to the justice department home of the tribunal de grande instance.
The square is also notable due to the presence of the city clock. Today, the Place du Palais is alive day and night. Often, groups of youths will hangout on the steps leading to the Palais de la Justice.
Concerts, films, and other major public events frequently occur in this space. However, it is also the largest city in France that is not a regional capital; the much larger Marseille is its regional capital.
Christian Estrosi , its mayor, is a member of the Republicans formerly the Union for a Popular Movement , the party supporting former President Nicolas Sarkozy.
The city is divided into nine cantons : Nice-1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 and 9. The Coat of Arms of Nice appeared for the first time in a copy of the Regulations of Amadeus VIII , probably written around The presence of the eagle, an imperial emblem, shows that these arms are related to the power of the House of Savoy.
The eagle standing over the three hills is a depiction of Savoy, referring to its domination over the country around Nice.
Nice consists of two large bays. The city rises from the flat beach into gentle rising hills, then is bounded by surrounding mountains that represent the Southern and nearly the Western extent of the Ligurian Alps range.
The natural vegetation of Nice is typical for a Mediterranean landscape, with a heavy representation of broadleaf evergreen shrubs.
Trees tend to be scattered but form dense forests in some areas. Large native tree species include evergreens such as holm oak , stone pine and arbutus.
Many introduced species grow in parks and gardens. Palms , eucalyptus and citrus fruits are among the trees which give Nice a subtropical appearance.
But there are also species familiar to temperate areas around the world; examples include horse chestnut , linden and even Norway spruce.
It is one of the warmest Mediterranean climates for its latitude. Summers are warm to hot, dry, and sunny. Rainfall is rare in this season, and a typical July month only records one or two days with measurable rainfall.
The climate data is recorded from the airport, located just metres from the sea. Summer temperatures, therefore, are often higher in the city.
The highest recorded temperature was Days can be either sunny and dry or damp and rainy. Frost is unusual and snowfalls are rare.
The most recent snowfall in Nice was on 26 February Spring starts cool and rainy in late March, and Nice becomes increasingly warm and sunny around June.
Sophia Antipolis is a technology park northwest of Antibes. Much of the park is within the commune of Valbonne. Established between and , it primarily houses companies in the fields of computing, electronics, pharmacology and biotechnology.
Several institutions of higher learning are also located here, along with the European headquarters of W3C. The main port of Nice is also known as Lympia port.
This name comes from the Lympia spring which fed a small lake in a marshy zone where work on the port was started in The port is the first port cement manufacturer in France, linked to the treatment plants of the rollers of the valley of Paillon.
Fishing activities remain but the number of professional fishermen is now less than The connections are provided by Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries.
Located in front of the port, the Place Cassini has been renamed Place of Corsica. Due to its proximity to the Principality of Monaco , it also serves as that city—state's airport.
A helicopter service provided by Heli Air Monaco and Monacair links the city and airport. Public transportation into the city proper is serviced by the Tramway line 2 T2.
The main railway station is Nice-Ville , served both by high speed TGV trains connecting Paris and Nice in less than 6 hours and by local commuter TER services.
Marseille is reached in 2. Nice also has international connections to Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, and Russia. Nice is also the southern terminus of the independently run Chemins de Fer de Provence railway line which connects the city with Digne in approximatively 4 hours.
A metro-like suburban service is also provided on the southern part of the line. Tramway de Nice began operating horse-drawn trams in The replacement of trams with trolleybuses began in and was completed in In , the new Tramway de Nice linked the northern and eastern suburbs via the city centre.
Two other lines are currently under construction and partly operating. The A8 autoroute and the Route nationale 7 pass through the Nice agglomeration.
Since the s, the number of inhabitants has not changed significantly; the relatively high migration to Nice is balanced by a natural negative growth of the population.
The Observatoire de Nice Nice Observatory is located on the summit of Mont Gros. The architect was Charles Garnier ; Gustave Eiffel designed the main dome.
The cm inch refractor telescope that became operational in was at that time the world's largest telescope. Terra-Amata, an archaeological site dating from the Lower Palaeolithic age, is situated near Nice.
Nice itself was established by the ancient Greeks. There was also an independent Roman city, Cemenelum, near Nice, where the hill of Cimiez is located.
It is an archaeological site with treasures, of which only a small part has been excavated. The excavated site includes thermal baths, arenas and Roman road.
Since the 2nd century AD, the light of the city has attracted painters and sculptors such as Chagall , Matisse , Niki de Saint Phalle , Klein , Arman and Sosno.
Nice inspired many composers and intellectuals in different countries e. Berlioz , Rossini , Nietzsche , etc. Being a vacation resort, Nice hosts many festivals throughout the year, such as the Nice Carnival and the Nice Jazz Festival.
Nice has a distinct culture due to its unique history. In the past, Nice welcomed many immigrants from Italy who continue to make up a large proportion of the population , as well as Spanish and Portuguese immigrants.
However, in the past few decades immigration has been opened to include immigrants from all over the world, particularly those from former Northern and Western African colonies, as well as southeast Asia [ citation needed ].
Traditions are still alive, especially in folk music and dances, including the farandole — an open-chain community dance. The detonation can be heard almost all over the city.
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